About 60% of the $12.8 trillion in global currency reserves are currently held in dollars, giving the US an exorbitant privilege over other countries. And that privilege pays: Because US government debt backed by the dollar is very attractive, interest rates are lower. The US gets to borrow from other countries in its own currency — so if the US dollar loses value, debt does too. American businesses can make international transactions in dollars without having to pay conversion fees.
Perhaps most importantly, in extreme circumstances the US can cut off dollar access to central banks around the globe, isolating and draining their economies. Raghuram Rajan, the former governor of the Reserve Bank of India calls this power an “economic weapon of mass destruction.”
But with great power comes great responsibility: When you use a weapon of mass destruction, even an economic one, people get spooked. To protect themselves from the same fate as Russia, other countries diversify their investments away from the US dollar into other currencies.
That’s where the country’s reserve currency status could run into problems.
Weaponizing the dollar, said Bank of America strategists’ Michael Hartnett, could lead to its debasement. The “balkanization of global financial systems” erodes America’s role as the reserve currency, he added.
“These observations provide hints of how the international system may evolve going forward,” warned the paper’s co-authors, Serkan Arslanalp of the IMF, Barry Eichengreen of the University of California Berkeley and Chima Simpson-Bell also of the IMF.
Russia and China are also hoping to guide the evolution of the international system.
Saudi Arabia, meanwhile, is in talks with Beijing to accept yuan instead of dollars for Chinese oil sales.
So is king dollar about to be dethroned?
If the past two years have taught us anything, it’s that nothing is impossible. But the prospect of the US losing that exorbitant privilege is very unlikely.
For one thing, the alternatives aren’t great. China has been pushing the yuan for years and only about 3% of global transactions are conducted in the currency, that’s compared to 40% for the dollar.
Goodbye Q1, hello Q2!
The second quarter may not be fun, but at least we’ll be prepared for it.
Those challenges will continue into the second quarter. But often the devil you know is better than the devil you don’t.
We asked analysts what they predict will be the largest headwinds going into this quarter, and how they’re preparing for them. Here’s what we found.
It’s probably best not to bet on oil and energy, since those commodities have been particularly volatile and reactive to news updates.
Interest in real estate investment is exploding, he said. “I don’t know if anything is hotter on the market right now. You have everything from single- and multi-family homes, to data centers to cold storage facilities.”
When investing in markets, look to companies that make money off of inflationary spikes. Banks earn more as interest rates rise and they profit from wider spreads. Companies with low capital needs are also good bets.
Rate hikes: The Federal Reserve is probably going to be aggressive in raising interest rates going forward, said Liz Anne Sonders, managing director and chief investment strategist at Charles Schwab.
Typically investors believe in a safety guard known as “The Fed put.” It’s the notion that enough market weakness will cause the Fed to stop raising interest rates and tighten policy, and perhaps even reverse and ease rates. Because inflation is so out of hand, there’s no way that’s going to happen this time around, said Sonders.
“Investors need to be aware of that, especially if they’re being more aggressive because they think the Fed won’t let markets down,” said Sonders. They’ll continue to raise rates and will do it to slow economic growth. That means the risk of recession is higher than it otherwise would be.
Monday: US motor vehicle sales for March released by BLS; The Investor Movement Index on Main Street sentiment released by TD Ameritrade
Tuesday: NY Fed President John Williams speaks about the economy
Wednesday: FOMC minutes released at 2 pm ET
Thursday: Weekly jobless claims released
Friday: Eli Lilly reports earnings before the bell